MilkWise

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Know the enemy: Mycoplasma!

By |2020-12-15T20:54:41+11:00December 15th, 2020|Categories: CalfWise, HerdWise, MilkWise|Tags: , , , |

Mycoplasma is a bacterial infection of cows and calves. There are several strains that can cause disease but Mycoplasma bovis is the most common. We have seen more Mycoplasma in the district over the last couple of years, and it is a disease that everyone should be aware of. We see Mycoplasma disease present in

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Toxic Troubles

By |2020-10-09T10:59:58+11:00October 8th, 2020|Categories: General Health, MilkWise|Tags: , , |

Recently we have seen a few cases of cows with toxic mastitis. In this scenario, cows with mastitis become very sick, very quickly and are often unable to stand. They need to be treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, electrolytes and fluids. Even with this supportive care they can sometimes die. We find two bacteria associated with

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Making butter outa grass

By |2020-08-27T07:30:31+10:00August 27th, 2020|Categories: MilkWise|Tags: , , , , |

As John Williamson sings, dairy farmers "make a living making butter outa grass"! And this is very true. When a cow eats grass (or grain, hay or silage), the bacteria in her rumen ferment these feedstuffs into volatile fatty acids or "VFAs". Of these VFAs: Propionate is converted to glucose, which is then used by

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Louis Pasteur: a dairy hero!

By |2020-08-20T07:49:13+10:00August 20th, 2020|Categories: MilkWise|Tags: , , , , , |

Analysis of ancient pottery has shown that  humans have been consuming cheese and other dairy products for more than 7000 years. Recently, scientists discovered an actual chunk of 3300 year old cheese from an Egyptian tomb. And in it, they found traces of the bacteria that causes the nasty disease brucellosis. And this is where

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More Cheese, Gromit

By |2020-08-20T07:49:30+10:00August 12th, 2020|Categories: MilkWise|Tags: , , , |

Cheese is a great example of human diversity and ingenuity. From the desert to the Swiss alps, five simple ingredients—milk, bacteria, rennet, salt and time—have been turned into thousands of types of cheese. So how about a closer look at some of the steps involved in making cheese: the image above shows just a few

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Got milk?

By |2020-08-20T07:49:44+10:00August 6th, 2020|Categories: MilkWise|Tags: , , , |

Recently, Dairy Australia announced their 2020 Milk Quality Award winners. These are the dairy farms that produce the best of the best milk in the country; our congratulations to them all! So let's talk about milk some more... What makes up milk? There is variation between breeds, individual cows and time of year, but on

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World Milk Day 2020

By |2020-06-01T12:05:25+10:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: MilkWise|Tags: , , , |

For the last 20 years, June 1st has been World Milk Day. It was established in 2001 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) to celebrate the importance of milk as both a nutritious food and a source of livelihoods across the globe. Milk is not just cow's milk. It can come from sheep, goats,

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Mastitis: how to avoid a “dys-aster”

By |2019-12-12T12:44:36+11:00December 12th, 2019|Categories: Farm Services, MilkWise|Tags: , , , , |

Recently, there’s been one mastitis pathogen that’s been bugging farmers more than normal. Frustrated by higher than normal clinical case rates and/or bulk milk cell counts, in-house cultures have found Strep dysgalactiae to be one of the pathogens involved (we’ll call it Strep dys as it's much easier to say!) Where does Strep dys come

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Heifer mastitis and blind quarters

By |2019-11-18T08:11:25+11:00November 18th, 2019|Categories: Farm Services, HeiferWise, MilkWise|Tags: , , , |

Have you ever wondered how many heifers have blind quarters or mastitis 1 to 2 months before calving? Well wonder no more! We've tipped and teatsealed a lot of heifers over the years. Sometimes we’ll diagnose heifers with mastitis: swelling and hardness of the gland and a thick, custard-like secretion. While in-house cultures of these

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Cows with bells! The beauty of alpine pastures…

By |2019-09-06T12:09:55+10:00August 23rd, 2019|Categories: General Health, MilkWise|Tags: , , |

If you look down at a mix of clover, daisies and dandelions in Australia it doesn't seem particularly special. But high up in the mountains of France or Switzerland, they become something amazing! These mountain pastures, known as "alpage", are part of a particular type of farming that holds an important place in French and

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